Eye Care for Kids

3703 Taylorsville Rd.
Suite 120
Louisville, KY 40220

Office Hours:
Monday - Thursday
8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

8:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m

Eye Disorders in Children

Amblyopia or "Lazy Eye"

Common to about one in 25 to 50 people, amblyopia is a condition in which the visual function of one eye is underdeveloped, while vision for the other eye is normal, although, at times, it can affect both eyes. Amblyopia is most likely to be successfully corrected if detected and treated during infancy or early childhood.

This disorder, like others that affect the visual development, calls for early and regular visual examinations. Young children are not always aware of having one good eye and one impaired eye, and parents have no way of recognizing the problem unless the underdeveloped eye is obviously abnormal.

Pediatric Strabismus or "Crossed Eyes"

Strabismus is a visual defect in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions. The disorder is common among children, but is also present in approximately 1 to 2 percent of the adult population - usually as a condition that began in childhood.

Eye misalignment causes the brain to receive two different visual messages. In young children, the brain may begin to "ignore" the image sent by the deviating eye while highly detailed visual information may be processed from the straight eye. This results in amblyopia.

Most importantly, Strabismus can be a sign of a more serious problem and needs immediate evaluation.

Pediatric Glaucoma

Childhood glaucoma—also referred to as congenital glaucoma, pediatric, or infantile glaucoma—occurs in babies and young children. It is usually diagnosed within the first year of life.

This is a rare condition that may be inherited, caused by incorrect development of the eye's drainage system before birth. This leads to increased intraocular pressure, which in turn damages the optic nerve.

Symptoms of childhood glaucoma include enlarged eyes, cloudiness of the cornea, and photosensitivity (sensitivity to light).

Retinopathy of Prematurity - (ROP)

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of childhood blindness in developed countries. Premature or low birth weight babies need to receive oxygen until their immature lungs develop. They are the greatest at risk of developing ROP.

Today, physicians know that exposure to high levels of oxygen over extended periods of time can trigger the disease in infants, causing the retina's tiny developing blood vessels to grow wildly and produce scars. In some children, the retina is able to recover and damage is moderate. However, in severe cases, there is retinal detachment and, ultimately, blindness.

When detected early, ROP can be treated with lasers so children will grow up having functional vision.


Retinoblastoma is a rare form of cancer affecting the light-sensitive retinal cells that enable sight. Although the disease is very rare, it is the most common ocular malignancy in children and the third most common cancer to affect children.

Abnormal pupils (appear pink or white) or strabismus can be an indicator of this serious condition.

Congenital Cataracts

Cataracts are a cloudiness by the lens of the eye. This makes the pupil appear white or cloudy.

Some babies are born with cataracts or develop them in childhood, often in both eyes. This condition may require surgery and needs immediate attention.

Nystagmus (Shakiness)

Involuntary movements of the eyes that may be:

  • Side to side (horizontal nystagmus)
  • Up and down (vertical nystagmus)

Depending on the cause, these movements may be in both eyes or in just one eye. The term "dancing eyes" has been used to describe nystagmus.

Tear Duct Obstruction

Tears normally drain from the eye through small tubes called tear ducts that stretch from the eye into the nose. A blocked tear duct occurs when the opening of the duct that normally allows tears to drain from the eyes is obstructed or fails to open properly. If a tear duct remains blocked, the tear duct sac fills with fluid and may become swollen and inflamed, and sometimes infected.

Droopy Eye Lid (Ptosis)

Ptosis (pronounced toe' sis), or drooping of the upper eyelid, may occur for several reasons such as: disease, injury, or may be present at birth. In most cases, it is caused by either a weakness of the levator muscle (muscle that raises the lid), or a problem with the nerve that sends messages to the muscle.

Children born with ptosis may require surgical correction of the lid if it covers the pupil. They are at risk to develop amblyopia(lazy eye) and need propt evaluation.

Children with systemic diseases such as juvenile arthritis, juvenile diabetes, syndrome, or metabolic disorder need regular eye examinations since the eye can often be affected.

Schedule an Appointment

If you would like to schedule an appointment, please call us at (502)451-5437.